Digital Finance, Cryptofinance Daily News | Innovation, Transformation


              



Performance BFR : All Tied Up 2011


Voici les résultats de la dernière étude du département Working Capital Management d'Ernst & Young: "All Tied Up 2011"consacrée à la performance BFR (Besoin en Fonds de Roulement).



Performance BFR : All Tied Up 2011
- Pourquoi les entreprises européennes n'ont pas la culture cash de leurs homologues aux Etats-Unis ?
- En quoi une bonne gestion du BFR améliore la valorisation d'une entreprise?
- En quoi la reprise de l'activité en 2011 et la hausse du prix des matières premières sont des contraintes supplémentaires dans cette gestion ?

Selon la dernière enquête annuelle d’Ernst & Young « All Tied Up 2011», les sociétés américaines et européennes ont réussi à améliorer leurs performances en matière de gestion du BFR. Le cash-to-cash 2010 (C2C) se réduisant respectivement de 2 % et 4 % (par rapport aux niveaux constatés en 2009).

Cependant, le niveau d'amélioration reste limité. Les entreprises américaines n’ont comblé qu’une partie de la dégradation constatée en 2009, tandis que l'Europe a retrouvé un niveau de performance à peine supérieur à celui de 2008.
Vous trouverez dans notre rapport une analyse plus détaillée indiquant des tendances variées par entreprise, secteur, pays, et composante du BFR.

En Europe, 5 pays (sur les sept de l’étude - ce qui représente près de 75% des ventes du panel européen analysé) ont réalisé une amélioration de leur performance BFR en 2010.

La France a été particulièrement performante : le C2C s’est amélioré de 4%, notamment grâce aux secteurs des utilities, des télécoms et des compagnies pétrolières. Chaque composante du BFR y a contribué : le DSO et DIO se sont réduits (1%) tandis que le DPO s’est apprécié (+2%). Le potentiel d'amélioration pour la France est compris entre 55 et 90 millions d'euros.

La gestion du BFR va devoir faire face à de nombreuses et nouvelles contraintes :
- Les niveaux de BFR vont augmenter du fait notamment de la reprise de l’activité attendu sur 2011 et des perspectives envisagées à moyen-terme dans de nombreux secteurs.
- Le décalage de l’impact de la hausse des matières premières sur les opérations laisse également augurer des conséquences significatives sur la performance BFR 2011.
- La croissance dans les marchés émergents constitue un défi majeur pour les entreprises, celles-ci se trouvant confrontées aux risques inhérents à ces marchés.
- La crise de 2008, les événements récents au Japon et, plus généralement, la volatilité croissante et l'imprévisibilité de la demande ont mis en évidence la complexité et la vulnérabilité des chaînes d'approvisionnement aux facteurs internes ou externes.

Dans un contexte d’amélioration de la liquidité, notamment dû à un regain de marges et une croissance modérée des investissements, il y a aussi un risque que l'attention portée à la gestion de la trésorerie et du BFR se réduise de nouveau. Ne pas prêter attention à la gestion du cash et du BFR serait dommageable. L'analyse de cette année montre que les sociétés examinées ont toujours un potentiel d’amélioration du BFR d’environ $1100 milliards… Soit l’équivalent de 7 % de leurs ventes, un chiffre similaire à celui de l’an dernier.

Par rapport à 2009, les valeurs cycliques et compagnies pétrolières ont réalisé une meilleure performance qu’en 2010, les résultats des autres secteurs sont plus disparates. L’industrie alimentaire / grande distribution présente une dégradation de sa performance (C2C en hausse de 8% en Europe, 3% aux USA), faisant suite à une amélioration significative sur l’exercice précédent. La performance en matière de gestion des stocks étant la cause principale de cette situation (forte croissance du DIO), peu ou pas compensée par les créances clients ou dettes fournisseurs.

Etude complète (PDF) téléchargeable ci-dessous.

COMMUNIQUE ORIGINAL :

US$1 trillion plus still tied up in working capital despite modest improvements

Companies in both the US and Europe managed to improve working capital performance in 2010 compared with 2009, with the key measure of cash-to-cash (C2C) dropping by 2% and 4%, respectively, according to Ernst & Young’s latest Annual Working Capital Management Survey.

This year’s analysis shows that the 2,000 companies in the survey still have an aggregate total of US$1.1 trillion in cash unnecessarily tied up in working capital. This is equivalent to nearly 7% of their sales, a similar figure to 12 months ago.
The level of improvement, however, remained limited. These results are in contrast with those reported a year before, when C2C increased by 6% in the US and 3% in Europe in 2009 compared with 2008.

As Benjamin Madjar executive director of Working Capital Management at Ernst & Young explains, “Despite a solid recovery in the global economy in 2010 American companies regained just a fraction of the ground lost in the prior year, with gains coming entirely from payables (suggesting that some companies are still choosing to stretch terms with their main suppliers). Europe returned to a level of performance which was only marginally better than in 2008.”

Performance by sector
In both the US and Europe, cyclical industries, such as automotive supply, chemicals, diversified industrials, semiconductors and steel, achieved significant progress in reducing levels of working capital in 2010, making up most of the ground lost of the previous year.

These results were achieved in the context of a much better year than expected in terms of sales growth for those industries, affected, however, in some cases, by supply constraints and extended lead times.

Among non-cyclical industries, in both the US and Europe, food producers reported strong working capital results (C2C down 2% and 13%, respectively), supported by much higher days payable outstanding or DPO, notably on the back of progress made in extending payment terms as well as commodity costs inflation. Performance in receivables and inventories were more varied across both regions, with European companies reporting improvement in both areas in contrast with their US peers.
For food and general retailers, working capital results were poor, with C2C rising 3% and 8%, respectively in the US and Europe. This follows significant improvement the year before. Inventory performance deteriorated while receivables and payables results were mixed.

For pharmaceuticals, European companies posted much better results (C2C down 6%) than their peers in the US (C2C up 1%), mostly due to a stronger performance in receivables.

In contrast with last year’s significant deterioration, the oil industry in both regions registered a large improvement in working capital performance. This was mostly on the back of much improved inventory performance. The magnitude of the change was also exaggerated by the relatively low level of working capital inherent in the nature of the business.

And by region
The working capital performance gap between the US and Europe has been tightening in the last two years, with Europe closing the gap with the US.

This latter trend can be attributed to the global footprint of corporations, increased impact of globalization of trade, industry consolidation and concentration of demand. Common working capital leading practices have also been spreading steadily across regions.

However as Benjamin Madjar explains, “US-headquartered companies still exhibit much lower levels of WC than those based in Europe. Overall C2C for the US in 2010 was four days, or 9% below that of Europe.”

The outlook for 2011 and beyond
For the immediate future businesses face considerable headwinds in working capital management as François Guilbaud, executive director at Ernst & Young explains: “The levels of cash tied up in WC will increase to support increased business activity and improved prospects. The lag effect of higher commodity prices on business operations suggests a much greater impact on WC performance in 2011 than in 2010.”

Growth in emerging markets poses challenges to corporations associated with the inefficiency and risks of some of these local businesses. The global downturn of 2008, recent events in Japan and more generally higher volatility and unpredictability in demand have highlighted the complexity and vulnerability of supply chains to internal and external business disruptions.
With corporate liquidity much improved (powered by rising margins, moderate growth in capital expenditure and accommodative financial conditions), there is also a danger that management attention will once again move away from cash and working capital management, and towards driving revenues and bottom line, pursuing acquisitions and returning cash to shareholders.
Benjamin Madjar says, “With many global economic and financial market challenges still remaining unaddressed, compounded by recent commodity price developments, it is therefore critical for companies to continue implementing truly effective working capital management strategies.”

About Ernst & Young
Ernst & Young is a global leader in assurance, tax, transaction and advisory services. Worldwide, our 141,000 people are united by our shared values and an unwavering commitment to quality. We make a difference by helping our people, our clients and our wider communities achieve their potential.
Ernst & Young refers to the global organization of member firms of Ernst & Young Global Limited, each of which is a separate legal entity. Ernst & Young Global Limited, a UK company limited by guarantee, does not provide services to clients. For more information about our organization, please visit ey.com
This news release has been issued by EYGM Limited, a member of the global Ernst & Young organization that also does not provide any services to clients.

Bonjour chez vous...

Laurent Leloup

Lundi 6 Juin 2011
Notez


Nouveau commentaire :
Twitter

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *

Les derniers articles publiés sur Finyear

Recevez notre newsletter quotidienne comme plus de 40.000 professionnels de la gestion et de l'innovation financières


LE TRESORIER


Cryptocurrencies


Finyear - Daily News